Archives de la Catégorie : Publication en anglais

nov 04

The Outlook for European Grocery Retailing: Competition and Format Development

Introduction European retailing still shows significant national differences. Will these differences remain in years to come? The basic fundamental trends that draw European countries together are essentially demographic and socio-economic: growth in average income, the growing added-value services sector, low population growth, the ageing population, the reduction in the average size of households, the increasing …

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nov 04

Distorted Competition: Below-cost Legislation, ‘Marges Arrie`re’ and Prices in French Retailing

Introduction In France, the prices of major industrial brands have been rising for a number of years, while the price differential between these brands on the one hand and those of retailer brands and no-frills products on the other has widened. Moreover, the price differential between supermarkets and hypermarkets on the one hand and hard …

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nov 04

Research and managerial issues on global retail competition: Carrefour/Wal-Mart

In recent years, two major retailers have been in the headlines of the specialised press, namely Wal-Mart and Carrefour-Promodès. According to the most recent rankings, they are, respectively, numbers one and two in the world in terms of turnover and employment. The irresistible ascension of these two giants brilliantly illustrates the argument surrounding the worldwide …

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nov 04

International expansion and strategies of discount grocery retailers: the winning models

Introduction Discount food retailing has experienced considerable expansion over the last ten years and currently occupies an important position in the European retail industry. However, a certain number of discount retailers have had to abandon the market over the same period, while others have obtained good results both in their domestic markets and abroad.     …

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